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The Dental Hygiene
Profession in Canada


Dental hygiene services include all interventions performed within the dental hygiene scope of practice directed towards attaining and maintaining optimal oral health for individuals and communities.


The Dental Hygiene Process of Care is utilized to assess diagnose, plan, implement, and evaluate policies, processes, interventions, and outcomes. The utilization of each step, in progression, of the dental hygiene process of care, is essential to the safe and effective delivery of dental hygiene services and programs.

Dental hygienists focus primarily on oral disease prevention but can also be involved in orthodontic procedures, such as braces, and in providing restorative services, such a placing fillings, depending on the province/territory.

Dental hygienists provide a range of personalized care and will work with clients to help maintain proper oral health. Only regulated health professionals may provide dental hygiene services in Canada.

There are approximately 30,400 registered dental hygienists in Canada with the highest numbers being in Ontario, Quebec, and British Columbia.

Territory Acknowledgement

The FDHRCTM office stands on the ancestral and unceded territory of the Anishinaabe Algonquin Nation. The Algonquin peoples have had a special, reciprocal relationship with this territory since time immemorial, and this relationship continues today. The FDHRCTM recognizes without qualification the inherent lands and territory rights of the Algonquin peoples as articulated in Section 35 of the Constitution Act of Canada 1982, as well as the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples which is enshrined in various legislation in what is now commonly called Canada.

See the FDHRC’sTM full territory acknowledgement here.